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The Effect of Deforestation to the Filipino People

  • 2020/12/10/
  • Blog

The Philippines is a well-known country for it’s rich and marvelous nature. There is a total of 35 mountains in the Philippines specifically in Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao that leaves the visitors of the country in awe and amazement. Because of the country’s biodiversity wildlife and natural picturesque Philippines is the place to 5% of the world’s flora. Mainly the reason why the Philippines is one of the most fatally affected by deforestation in most tropical countries. The indigenous people that live in the mountain areas depend on their livelihood for the most part of their life doing works like mining and logging etc. to be their source of income to feed their family.  As the population continues to increase the demand for the products that came from the forest also increases in demand that rises in need.

What is Deforestation?

Deforestation referred to the term as cutting trees and clearing forest covers.  Deforestation has always been a warning to the nature of our environment that causes the ecological imbalance of our forest. Human doings are the outcome of why deforestation is happening at a very fast rate. Deforestation can be a result to have a major negative effect on our ecosystem. Deforestation can be man-made and a natural occurrence. Man-made is created by a human being to our mother nature especially the kaingin activity. Natural occurrence is the event that happens unpredictably and unexpectedly like floods, forest fires, and earthquakes. The main reason for deforestation is to occur the increase in the space of the land area in the forest. The land area’s goal is to build huge industries. Deforestation rise the greenhouse effect and quicken global warming effects.

Effects of Deforestation

Climate change, desertification, soil erosion, fewer crops, floods, increased greenhouse gases in the environment, and a host of problems for indigenous people can be exacerbated by the loss of trees and other vegetation.

Global Warming

The loss of trees is the major cause of why global warming is happening. Human activities make the forest struggle to cope with the fast-changing climate on the earth. That is why the forest decrease of life contributes to the global warming house effect.

Loss of Habitat

The disappearance of animal and plant species because of their loss of habitat is one of the most harmful and disturbing impacts of deforestation. 70% of the animals and plant species on land live in the forests. Deforestation not only endangers organisms known to us but also those unknown.

The canopy that controls the temperature is also supported by the rainforest trees that provide protection for certain species. Deforestation leads to a more dramatic difference in temperatures from day to night, much like a desert, which for many inhabitants may prove fatal.

Increased Greenhouse Gases

In addition to habitat depletion, the absence of trees also allows for the release of more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Good forests trap carbon dioxide, serving as valuable carbon sinks, from the atmosphere. Deforested areas are losing their potential and are releasing more biomass.

Water in the Atmosphere

By helping to regulate the water cycle, the trees also help balance the level of water in the atmosphere. There is less water in the air in deforested areas to be added to the earth. This then triggers dryer soil and the failure to grow crops.

Soil Erosion and Flooding

Soil erosion and coastal flooding are further consequences of deforestation. Trees enable the land to retain water and topsoil, which provides additional forest life with rich nutrients. If these things happened a lot of people living in the city can be affected by flooding and the muddy road which every one of us can really devastate on what happened to our environment.

The soil erodes and washes off without forests, forcing all farmers to move on and perpetuate the cycle. In the aftermath of these unsustainable agricultural activities, the barren land left behind is then more vulnerable to flooding, especially in coastal regions. Also, our Filipino people who happened to harvest their agricultural product may decrease the number of their crops after.

Effects of Deforestation on Indigenous People in the Philippines

Destruction of Homelands

The indigenous people who live there and depend on the forest to maintain their way of life are also under pressure as vast quantities of trees are cleared away, leaving exposed soil to where and die and the habitats of countless species to be destroyed.

The disappearance of forests has an immediate and direct impact on their lives that, considering our own reliance on what the rainforest offers, we can never realize in the highly developed areas of the world. For indigenous cultures, the degree of immediacy is exponentially greater.

Before the actual clear-cutting starts, the governments of nations with rainforests on their borders frequently threaten to expel indigenous tribes. This is one of the deforestation’s pre-emptive consequences.

Strategies on How to Reduce and Prevent Deforestation

On average, 28 million hectares of land have been cut down per year since 2016. That’s one forest football pitch lost every second of every day, year in and year out.

A forest area greater than India was lost globally from 2001 to 2018 (3,610,000 square kilometers). The decline is equal to a decrease in global tree cover of 9 percent since 2000.

For several reasons, we’ve heard about how we lose large tracts of forests each year. We have heard about the negative consequences as well. Trees are a very essential component of our biodiversity. Life on Earth is important. Then how come we just shoot them? How will deforestation deter us?

More than 210 gigatons of carbon are deposited in the tropical rainforests inside their leaves. When we cut them now we’re not only reducing our oxygen supply, we’re dumping all the carbon into our atmosphere.

About 4.6 million hectares of forests have been cut down or burned to date, to satisfy our ever-increasing demand for wood and property.

You can contribute to the efforts against deforestation by doing these easy steps:

  1. Plant a Tree where you can.
  2. Go paperless at home and in the office.
  3. Buy recycled products and then recycle them again.
  4. Buy certified wood products. Read the labels and look for the FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) mark.
  5. Support the products of companies that are committed to reducing deforestation. It’s all about business. If you don’t buy, they will be encouraged to improve their practices.
  6. Raise awareness in your circle and in your community.
  7. Buy only what you will use.
  8. Don’t use Palm Oil or products with Palm Oil.

Any product made from trees is recyclable. Diligently pursue recycling. As a customer, your power is crucial for stopping deforestation. As with every company, if there is no demand, then the supply will be reduced. Luckily, there are eco-friendly and forest-friendly companies that help to avoid deforestation. They need help from you. By patronizing their goods, let’s promote their efforts.

Here are Some Countries that Also Affected by Deforestation

Deforestation happens mainly in the tropics around the world, where there are numerous forest types: from wet and hot rainforests to those that lose their leaves in the dry season and become deserts. Some areas of the world have managed to protect their forests from deforestation, while others have seen a decline in their forests.

Deforestation In The Amazon Rainforest

Brazil and the Amazon Forest are both significant deforestation regions worldwide (for the wrong reasons). With vast biodiversity reserves, the Amazon Rainforest is one of the world’s largest forest hotspots. Its ability to store carbon and create oxygen makes it part of the planet’s lungs.

The Amazon forest has been under pressure since the 1960s, and approximately 760 000 km2 (about 20% of its original size) of the forest area has been lost. The main causes of deforestation in the Amazon region, together with subsistence farming, were major industrial projects such as dams, highways, or mines prior to 1980-1990. The causes of deforestation in the Amazon rainforest, however, have been evolving for about thirty years. About why?

According to numerous reports on the subject (Greenpeace, FAO), in the Amazon region, livestock farming, including soy production, accounts for approximately 70 to 80 percent of deforestation. Thus the main cause of deforestation in the Amazon forest is the growth of intensive livestock production, combined with a rise in meat consumption in developed countries.

Deforestation In Southeast Asia – Indonesia And Borneo

Indonesia and Borneo Island are emblematic examples of the global deforestation phenomenon. Naturally, this region in Southeast Asia is one of the richest forest and biodiversity reserves in the world. At the same time, however, it is also one of the regions which have experienced the greatest deforestation in recent decades. According to the FAO, Indonesia lost approximately 9 million hectares of its forests alone between 1990 and 2012, mainly due to deforestation caused by palm oil.

Although the sustainable palm oil market is still limited, Indonesia now accounts for almost 35 percent of the world’s sustainable palm oil production (only 19 percent is certified). The media spotlight on this subject is starting to change the lines, despite industries still raising significant environmental issues.

Deforestation In Africa

Africa is a huge region that suffers from deforestation as well. In fact, there is more deforestation than in Asia, with around 2 million hectares of forest disappearing in Africa each year. For example, in Nigeria, more than 90% of the forests were lost due to activities that began in the colonial period. Woodcutting of forest reserves and the production of cocoa and palm oil plantations, along with land clearing for mining operations, are among the key causes of deforestation in Africa.

Conclusion

All around the Philippines are affected by deforestation especially in the low-lying areas. The result of cutting trees in the forest and other activities that damage the environment has seriously been impactful in the daily lives of every Pilipino. Climate change has been drastically happening now and then for over the past year the temperature in summer has been very hot not typically you can expect. That results in the seawater to warm that rises in the air that starts the typhoon to occur. The Philippines is one of the countries with the most typhoon every year and that typhoon turns into a disaster once it hits the land area. Basically, the reason why flash floods, landslide, and it impacts human daily life and livelihood. Deforestation cause havoc and danger in the life of the people. We as human beings should always take care of nature for future generations. Deforestation should stop now before it’s too late. The cutting of trees, mining activities, and industrial factories are the major cause of why deforestation is happening. We should be always mindful, mature, and sensible of what we are doing in mother nature because it has a major effect on the ecosystem where we strive to protect and live. Deforestation is a serious matter wherein the lives of a million people are at stake.

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